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Energy from the Vacuum

"Energy from the Vacuum - Concepts & Principles"
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Subject: RE: Reverse Casimir effect
Date: Sat, 15 Sep 2007 21:54:49 -0500

Hi Scott,

Yes, there's quite a literature now on the Casimir effect, including its recent reversal.

Just Google on Casimir effect, Casimir force, bibliography, for example.

Or check a neat "small" bibliography at

It's also been used to make little engines at the nanocrystalline level. See

H. B. Chan, V. A. Aksyuk, R. N. Kleiman, D. J. Bishop, and Federico Capasso. "Quantum Mechanical Actuation of Microelectromechanical Systems by the Casimir Force." Science, Vol. 291. no. 5510, 9 March 2001, pp. 1941-1944.

       Abstract: The Casimir force is the attraction between uncharged metallic surfaces as a result of quantum mechanical vacuum fluctuations of the electromagnetic field. We demonstrate the Casimir effect in microelectromechanical systems using a micromachined torsional device. Attraction between a polysilicon plate and a spherical metallic surface results in a torque that rotates the plate about two thin torsional rods. The dependence of the rotation angle on the separation between the surfaces is in agreement with calculations of the Casimir force. Our results show that quantum electrodynamical effects play a significant role in such microelectromechanical systems when the separation between components is in the nanometer range."

Very best wishes,

 Tom Bearden


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